Zugriffsrechte erwerben. Einloggen

Between Pain and Math

How Expectations Shape Cognitive Processes from Neural Activity to Behaviour

Katharina Schwarz

Diese Publikation zitieren

Katharina Schwarz, Between Pain and Math (2015), Logos Verlag, Berlin, ISBN: 9783832599324

Beschreibung / Abstract

Expectancy effects are a wide-spread phenomenon, influencing cognitive operations from basic stimulus processing to higher cognitive functions. Their influence often goes unnoticed, even though it leaves a lasting fingerprint on perception and behaviour.

The present work aims at providing an improved framework for understanding the impact of expectations by fusing two major fields of research on this question: the study of traditional placebo effects in clinical settings and of social expectancies such as stereotype-related beliefs. Behavioural patterns and physiological mechanisms underlying the phenomena are identified and compared to current models of stereotype and placebo effects.

The presented findings give new insights on the effects of expectations on cognition, and represent a first step to identify basic global mechanisms underlying different forms of the phenomena.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

  • BEGINN
  • Zusammenfassung
  • Summary
  • About Expectations
  • 1 | A Question of Definition
  • 2 | Expectations and Stimulus Processing
  • 6 | fMRI Experiment
  • 10 | Supplementary Methods
  • 11 | Supplementary Figures and Tables
  • Between Pain and Math
  • 12 | Introduction
  • 13 | Methods
  • 14 | Results
  • 15 | Conclusions
  • Expectations and Cognitive Performance
  • 16 | General Introduction
  • 17 | Main Experiment: Methods
  • 18 | Main Experiment: Results
  • 19 | Follow-up Experiments
  • 20 | General Discussion
  • The Bigger Picture
  • 21 | Nonverbal Expectancies in Non-Human Animals: The Winner/Loser Effect
  • 22 | So, Who Expects What?
  • 23 | Expectancy Effects in the Context of Experimental Design: Avoiding Pitfalls
  • 24 | Re-evaluating the Transmitter Systems Involved in Expectancy Effects
  • 25 | Implications for Stereotype Threat
  • 26 | Concluding Remarks
  • References

Ähnliche Titel

    Mehr von diesem Autor