Open Access

The Redundant City

A Multi-Site Enquiry into Urban Narratives of Conflict and Change

Norbert Kling

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Norbert Kling, The Redundant City (2020), transcript Verlag, Bielefeld, ISBN: 9783839451144

Getrackt seit 05/2018


Beschreibung / Abstract

Dynamic processes and conflicts are at the core of the urban condition. Against the background of continuous change in cities, concepts and assumptions about spatial transformations have to be constantly re-examined and revised. Norbert Kling explores the rich body of narrative knowledge in architecture and urbanism and confronts this knowledge with an empirically grounded situational analysis of a large housing estate. The outcome of this twofold research approach is the sensitising concept of the Redundant City. It describes a specific form of collectively negotiated urban change.


Norbert Kling is an architect, researcher, and urbanist. He currently teaches architectural and urban design at the Technical University of Munich, where he received a Dr.-Ing. in Architecture. His research interests include conditions of asymmetric urban change and alternative spatial practices, as well as questions of concept formation, method and process in the spatial disciplines. He is partner at the award winning practice zectorarchitects London/Munich.


Open Access Angabe

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (CC BY 4.0)


  • Cover
  • Content
  • Introduction Contributing Towards a Broader Understanding of Urban Transformation
  • Acknowledgements
  • I. Research as Situated and Critical Project
  • 1. Problems of Research in Architecture and Urbanism
  • 2. Learning from Criticisms of Scientific Knowledge Production
  • 3. Assembling Architectural and Urban Research Perspectives
  • 4. Grounding the Project: Situational Analysis and Grounded Theory Methodology
  • 5. Adapting the Iterative-Cyclical Research Model of Grounded Theory Methodology
  • 6. Methodological Conclusions
  • II. Domain-Specific Narratives of Conflict
  • 1. Introducing a Narrative-Based Analysis of Conflict and Change
  • 2. Conflict as Category of Disciplinary Self-Affirmation
  • 3. Ambivalent Tactics of Conflict in Modernist Urbanism
  • 4. Political Spaces of Urban and Architectural Conflict
  • 5. Conflicts Between Centrality and Choice
  • 6. Preliminary Findings
  • III. Domain-Specific Narratives of Change
  • 1. Dialectics, Evolution and Autopoiesis in Meta-Narratives of Change
  • 2. Narratives of Change as Critical Response to Modernism
  • 3. Designing and Doing Change
  • 4. Speeds and Rhythms of Change
  • 5. Preliminary Findings
  • IV. Intersecting Conflict and Change
  • 1. Positional Maps as Analytical and Heuristic Device
  • 2. Conceptual Voids at Low and High Intensities of Change
  • 3. Preliminary Findings
  • V. Constructing a New Concept of Change
  • 1. Zooming in: The Parkstadt Bogenhausen Housing Estate in Munich
  • 2. Empirical Grounding: Mapping Transformative Interactions
  • 3. Comparative View of Other Situations of Change in Munich
  • 4. Constructing the Redundant City Concept
  • VI. Connecting and Releasing
  • 1. Making Multiple Connections
  • 2. Working with the Redundant City Concept
  • 3. Working with the Mapping Tools
  • 4. Working with Concepts and Narratives of Conflict and Change
  • 5. Concluding Remarks: Architectural and Urban Work as ‘Matters of Concern’
  • VII. Appendix
  • 1. Image References
  • 2. References

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