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Somewhere over the rainbow

Discussions on homosexuality in education across Europe

Cite this publication as

Oliver Holz(Hg.), Kristof De Witte(Hg.), Lotte Geunis(Hg.), Somewhere over the rainbow (19.01.2019), Waxmann Verlag, 48159 Münster, ISBN: 9783830987475

Tracked since 05/2018



Schools should offer a safe and secure environment for all young people to develop, to learn, and to thrive. Sadly, for many, they fall short. Homophobic and transphobic behaviour is still painfully common in schools across Europe. A significant number of LGBT pupils experience homophobic and transphobic bullying, and they are more likely to experience violence than heterosexual peers. This publication explores the underlying attitudes towards homosexuality in eight European countries: Belgium, Germany, Hungary, Poland, Spain, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and Turkey. It is the product of a strategic partnership (KA2) between fifteen European secondary and higher education institutions, launched in 2016 under the auspices of the European Commisson’s ERASMUS+ programme. The project supported by this partnership, Homo’poly, promotes greater understanding and acceptance of homosexuality with the explicit aim of improving the school life of LGB pupils.


  • Book Cover
  • Imprint
  • Table of Contents
  • Preface
  • Coming out. A Comparative Analysis of Pupils’, Teachers’ and Parents’ Perspectives in Eight European Countries (Kristof De Witte, Oliver Holz, Lotte Geunis)
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Data collection and methodology
  • 3. Descriptive statistics
  • 4. Item analysis
  • 5. Regression analysis
  • 6. Conclusion
  • References
  • About the authors
  • Being Gay in Belgium: No Problem @ All?! (Alexandre Pirotte, Oliver Holz, Evi Bovijn)
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Homosexuality in Belgium: Some legal aspects
  • 3. LGBTQ people in Flanders
  • 4. LGBTQ people and the Flemish educational system
  • 5. Reality in and outside school
  • 6. Conclusion
  • References
  • About the authors
  • Homosexuality. The History of Gender in Germany (Bernd Drägestein, Olaf Schwarze, Corinna Kapfelsperger, Philipp Aigner)
  • 1. Historical and legal development
  • 2. Homosexuality in the school curricula
  • 3. External projects
  • 4. Conclusion and outlook
  • References
  • About the authors
  • The Inconvenient Situation of the LGB Community in Hungary (Erika Grossmann)
  • 1. Legal issues of homosexuality – then and now
  • 2. Contents of (hetero)sexuality, homosexuality and LGBT in moral education in the Hungarian education system
  • References
  • About the author
  • Poland: Homosexuality Yesterday and Today (Justyna Ratkowska-Pasikowska, Malgorzata Jarecka-Zyluk)
  • 1. Homosexuality in history
  • 2. People’s republic of Poland
  • 3. Homosexuality at school through the eyes of students
  • 4. The current social status of non-heterosexual people in Poland
  • References
  • About the authors
  • Spain out of the Closet. Homosexuality in Spanish Society and Education (Carmen Santamaría-García, Bruno Echauri Galván)
  • 1. General information
  • 2. Tasks, goals, content of gender specific working and teaching at school – homosexuality in the curriculum of teacher training and in curricula of secondary schools
  • 3. Special aspects: Gay literature in Spain
  • 4. Final remarks
  • References
  • About the authors
  • Coming out in the Classroom. Young People and LGBT in the Netherlands (Lotte Geunis)
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. LGBT
  • 3. The legal framework
  • 4. Public attitudes and acceptance of homosexuality
  • 5. LGBT in school: Education and teacher training in the Netherlands
  • 6. Future challenges
  • 7. Conclusion
  • References
  • About the Author
  • Being Different is not Easy in Turkey (Nesrin Oruç Ertürk, Berna Güryay)
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Attitudes towards homosexuality in Turkey
  • 3. Homosexuality in the Turkish education system
  • 4. Conclusion
  • References
  • About the authors
  • Born this Way: Challenging and Addressing Educational Inequity for LGBTI Pupils in the United Kingdom (Fiona Shelton)
  • 1. Homosexuality in the UK
  • 2. Homosexuality in the curriculum of initial teacher education and training
  • 3. Homosexuality in the secondary school curriculum
  • 4. Heteronormativity, silence and fear
  • 5. Initiatives outside schools
  • 6. Special aspects
  • 7. Summary
  • References
  • About the author
  • Appendix: Questionnaires

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