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American Missionaries in the Ottoman Empire

A Conceptual Metaphor Analysis of Missionary Narrative, 1820-1898

Hami Inan Gümüs

Diese Publikation zitieren

Hami Inan Gümüs, American Missionaries in the Ottoman Empire (2017), transcript Verlag, Bielefeld, ISBN: 9783839438084

Beschreibung / Abstract

This book is a metaphor based analysis of the texts produced by the missionaries of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions in the Ottoman Empire between 1820-1898. It explores the conceptual metaphor networks inherent to the official missionary discourse. The explication of these networks uncovers how the missionaries defined and depicted themselves and what they encountered. Being a synthesis of literary studies, linguistics, cultural history, and religious studies the work analyzes the missionary narrative in its historical context by applying literary, narratological, and linguistic tools.


Hami Inan Gümüs (PhD) is an associated post-doc at the Graduate School Society and Culture in Motion, Halle, Germany. His current research focuses on American missionary activities in the Ottoman Empire.


Besprochen in:
Church History Journal, 88/ (2019), Emrah Sahin


  • Cover. American Missionaries in the Ottoman Empire
  • Contents
  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction
  • 1 The History of the ABCFM in the Ottoman Empire
  • 1.1 The Beginning: Precursors and Foundation
  • 1.2 Arrival in the Ottoman Empire
  • 1.3 Work for Armenians Commences
  • 1.4 The Armenian Reformation
  • 1.5 An Era of Expansion
  • 1.6 Education, Printing Press, Medicine
  • 1.7 Conclusion
  • 2 Research Questions, Theory and Methodology
  • 2.1 Research Questions
  • 2.2 Conceptual Metaphor
  • 2.3 Missionary Texts as Narrative
  • 2.4 Blending of Conceptual Domains and the Narrative Element
  • 3 Metaphors of the Founding Years, 1820-1830
  • 3.1 The Kingdom of God
  • 3.2 Metaphors of Cultivation, Parables of Growth
  • 3.3 Metaphors of War
  • 3.4 Light and Darkness
  • 3.5 Way / Path / Road
  • 3.6 Door / Opening
  • 3.7 Invectives
  • 3.8 Conclusion
  • 4 Case Studies
  • 4.1 Congregational Historical Background
  • 4.2 Case Study I: Failed Conversion of the Muslims, 1856-1865
  • 4.3 Case Study II: Missionary Responses to the Armenian Massacres of 1894-1896
  • 5 Modernity and Ottoman Reactions to Missionary Activities
  • 5.1 Modernity as a Key Construct
  • 5.2 From Intruders to Enemies: Ottoman Missionary Relations
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Primary Sources
  • Secondary Sources

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