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Utilization of Used Components

in New Electrical and Electronic Products in Accordance with IEC 62309

Fevzi Belli und Ferdinand Quella

Diese Publikation zitieren

Fevzi Belli, Ferdinand Quella, Utilization of Used Components (2015), VDE Verlag, Berlin, ISBN: 9783800739554

Getrackt seit 05/2018


Beschreibung / Abstract

Saving our environmental resources is a challenge and can only be achieved in the future through the reuse of components in new products. About 25 % of the existing electrical and electronic (E&E) components are suitable for reuse. In Europe, reuse is considered to be the best waste handling procedure. Therefore, reuse happens to be favored politically by a number of authorities at various levels, both national and European, which will increase its importance and relevance for industrial production. The present European Waste Framework Directive confirms this view. As a result, many non-European countries already have, or are preparing, similar directives. This will certainly lead to an increase in pressure to reuse components, supported by forthcoming international normative references, including legal and industrial standardization.

In accordance with the international standard IEC 62309 "Dependability of products containing reused parts – requirements for functionality and tests" this book addresses technic, environmental, legal and economical questions. Each is clearly explained and easy to understand and is discussed in the relevant chapters. Details from the corresponding European directives are discussed (RoHS, WEEE, Waste Framework directive, Ecodesign directive, and many more).

The authors‘ objectives are
• to define technical criteria and rules to support decision makers in determining whether to reuse, and where and how, in order to avoid negative environmental impact of industrial mass production;
• to also include economic criteria for the support of decision makers that stress the importance of reuse in helping companies to cut costs and its impact nationwide on overall cost-effectiveness;
• to explain the normative background and to discuss related major European legal regulations and directives;
• to also discuss aspects that influence reuse, for example, the role of software in components and products planned for reuse.



  • Utilization of Used Components
  • Contents
  • Foreword
  • 1 Introduction
  • 1.1 The Philosophy of the Notion “Equivalent-to-New” (ETN)
  • 1.2 Terms and Definitions
  • 1.3 Technical Criteria for Decision Making
  • 1.4 Economical Criteria for Decision Making
  • 1.5 IEC 62309 as the Reference Standard of this Book
  • 1.6 Relevant Legal Standards
  • 2 Chances for Reuse
  • 2.1 Introductory Questions
  • 2.2 How to Select Reusable Components
  • 2.3 Examples
  • 2.4 QAGAN Aspects
  • 2.5 Examples for Considering Quality Aspects
  • 2.6 Reusability Strategies for Production and Sales
  • 2.7 An Organization Frame to Include Reusability into the Management System
  • 3 Qualification of ETN Components – Examples and Case Studies
  • 3.1 Notions and Figures Drawn from Reliability Theory
  • 3.2 Refurbishment of Components
  • 3.3 A Complex Product Family with Components Subdued to Wear: Copiers
  • 3.4 Case Study: Print Transformer
  • 4 “Design for Recycling” – How to Proceed?
  • 4.1 General Remarks about the Methodology
  • 4.2 Accommodation to Pre-defined Conditions
  • 4.3 Analysis of Potential Recovery in the Existing Market
  • 4.4 Analysis of Potential Applications
  • 4.5 Cost/Benefit Analysis
  • 4.6 Analysis of Forerunner Products/Products of Competitors
  • 4.7 Results and Consequences
  • 5 Strategies, Concepts and Objectives
  • 5.1 Strategies for Realization a Redesign
  • 5.2 Individual Concepts
  • 5.3 Targets and Evaluation of Reusability
  • 5.4 Relationship to the Overall Strategy
  • 6 Reuse of embedded Software in New Products with QAGAN Components
  • 6.1 Dependability, Energy Consumption, and Ecology Aspects
  • 6.2 Liability and Documentation (Additional to the Hardware Documentation)
  • 7 Summary and Outlook
  • 8 References
  • Appendix 1 Practical Rules for Recyclingoriented Product Design
  • Appendix 2 Analysis of Potential Conflictsor Barriers Using Optimized Recycling Characteristics
  • Appendix 3 Abbreviations, List of Related Institutes and Professional Associations
  • Appendix 4 Checklists for the Reuse of Software to Avoid Environmental Damages
  • Appendix 5 Checklist for Qualification of Components
  • Subject Index

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