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Securitization of Islam: A Vicious Circle

Counter-Terrorism and Freedom of Religion in Central Asia

Kathrin Lenz-Raymann
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Kathrin Lenz-Raymann, Securitization of Islam: A Vicious Circle (2014), transcript Verlag, Bielefeld, ISBN: 9783839429044

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Beschreibung / Abstract

Diverse Islamic groups have triggered a »revival of Islam« in Central Asia in the last decades. As a result, there has been a general securitization of Islam by the governments: not only do they combat the terrorist Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan but also outlaw popular groups such as the Gülen movement. However, strong repression of religion might lead to radicalization.
Kathrin Lenz-Raymann tests this hypothesis with an agent-based computer simulation and enriches her study with interviews with international experts, leaders of political Islam and representatives of folk Islam. She concludes that ensuring religious rights is essential for national security.

Beschreibung

Kathrin Lenz-Raymann (lic. phil.) works in the field of political consulting in Zurich, Switzerland. Her research interests include social and human security, counter-terrorism policies and human rights.

Kritik

Besprochen in:
Portal für Politikwissenschaft, 21.01.2016, Christian Patz
Europe Asia Studies, 28.10.2016, Riccardo Mario Cucciolla

Lizenz

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/

Open Access Angabe

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

Inhaltsverzeichnis

  • Cover
  • Content
  • Thanks
  • Summary
  • 1. Introduction
  • 1.1. Research Interest
  • 1.2. Theoretical Background
  • 1.3. Methods
  • 1.4. Databases, Country Reports and Country Profiles
  • PART I REVIVAL OF ISLAM: CASE STUDIES OF ISLAMIC GROUPS
  • 2. Features of Central Asian Folk Islam
  • 3. Salafi Islam: Social Transformation and Political Islam
  • 4. Typology of Islamic Groups
  • PART II POLITICS AND ISLAM: CASE STUDIES OF POLITICAL REGIMES
  • 5. History of Politics and Islam in Central Asia
  • 6. General Comparison of Contemporary Regimes
  • 7. Comparison of the Contemporary Role of Religion in Politics
  • 8. Comparison of Law Enforcement
  • 9. Typology of Religious and Counter-Terrorism Politics
  • PART III SECURITIZATION: THEORY AND SIMULATION MODEL
  • 10. Securitization Theory:Legitimacy in Security Politics
  • 11. Model Description
  • 12. Model Verification and Validation
  • 13. Conclusions
  • Literature
  • Appendix
  • Appendix A: Official Documents and Websites
  • Appendix B: NetLogo Code for Simulation
  • Appendix C: Initial Values and Parameters for Simulation

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