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Studying 'Effectiveness’ in International Relations

A Guide for Students and Scholars

Beschreibung

The question of how effective political tools actually are is among the most hotly debated in contemporary IR theory. There is no unanimity how to even measure the effectiveness and impact different political measures produce. This book comprehensively introduces social science students and scholars to the various fields of effectiveness and impact research in the study of international relations.

Beschreibung

Hendrik Hegemann, Researcher at the Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy Hamburg, Germany

Regina Heller, Senior Researcher at the Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy Hamburg, Germany

Martin Kahl, Senior Researcher at the Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy Hamburg, Germany

Inhaltsverzeichnis

  • Cover
  • Studying ‘Effectiveness’ in International Relations
  • Table of Contents
  • Preface
  • Notes on Contributors
  • Introduction: Studying Effectiveness in International Relations
  • 1. Effectiveness Research in International Relations: Between Poor Cousin and Ultimate Goal
  • 2. Aims and Structure of the Book
  • 3. Content and Outline
  • 4. Findings
  • References
  • Section I Effectiveness as an Analytical Concept
  • Causes, Effects and Effectiveness – Conceptual, Epistemological and Methodological Considerations
  • 1. What is “Effectiveness” and How to Study it
  • 2. Causality and Basic Concepts of Knowledge
  • 3. Approaches for Inferring Causality
  • 4. Conclusion: A Pragmatic Approach to Causality
  • References
  • Section II Actors
  • How Effective are International Governmental Organizations? And How Do We Know?
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Defining and Theorizing IGOs
  • 3. Conceptualizing IGO Effectiveness
  • 4. Analysing IGO Effectiveness: Methods and Research Designs
  • 5. Illustrative Study: The Power and Pathologies of International Bureaucracies
  • 6. Conclusion
  • References
  • Between Big Deals and Small Steps: Measuring the Effectiveness of International Non-Governmental Organizations
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. NGO Effectiveness as Goal Achievement: Four Conceptions
  • 3. Conditions for NGO Influence: Indirect Measures of Effectiveness
  • 4. Measuring INGO Influence: Methods, Achievements and Challenges
  • 5. Illustrative Study: NGO Influence on Environmental Negotiations
  • 6. Conclusions
  • References
  • How to Hit a Moving Target: Assessing the Effectiveness of Public-Private Partnerships
  • 1. Public-Private Partnerships as New Forms of Governance Instruments – But also Effective?
  • 2. The Effectiveness of PPPs: Concepts and Operationalization
  • 3. Determinants of Effectiveness: Combining Theoretical Assumptions and Empirical Findings
  • 4. The GAVI Alliance and RBM – Determinants of Success and Failure of Two GHPs
  • 5. Lessons Learnt for Studying the Effectiveness of PPPs
  • References
  • Section III Instruments and Processes
  • How Effective is International Military Intervention? The Evolution of Motives, Forms and Outcomes
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Conceptual Patterns
  • 3. Findings on Military Intervention Effectiveness
  • 4. Assessing Effectiveness
  • 5. An Index for Intervention Success
  • 6. Conclusions
  • References
  • Research on the Effectiveness of International Sanctions
  • 1. The Sanctions Debate and the Study of Effectiveness
  • 2. Concepts of Effectiveness in Sanctions Research
  • 3. Methodological Concerns in the Study of Sanctions
  • 4. Interviews and Surveys of Persons Affected
  • 5. Achievement of Effectiveness Research
  • References
  • Study of Regime Effectiveness: Concepts, Methods and Results
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. The Meaning of Regime Effectiveness: Dependent Variables
  • 3. Explanations for Regime Effectiveness and Causal Pathways
  • 4. From Qualitative to Quantitative Analysis
  • 5. Conclusion
  • References
  • International Socialization: From Studying Effectiveness to More Effective Studies?
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Studying Socialization in International Relations – Brief Overview of the Literature from the First and the Second Wave
  • 3. Conceptualizing Effects and Effectiveness of International Socialization
  • 4. Illustrative Study: International Socialization. The Case of the European Commission
  • 5. Future Perspectives
  • References
  • Section IV Policies and Policy Fields
  • Assessing the Effectiveness of International Human Rights and External Democracy Promotion
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Studying International Human Rights and External Democracy Promotion – Brief Historical Overview
  • 3. Conceptualizing Effectiveness
  • 4. Research Methods and Designs
  • 5. Illustrative Study: Membership Conditionality and Socialization by International Institutions
  • 6. Conclusion
  • References
  • Gauging the Effectiveness of Post-Conflict Peace- and State-Building
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Measuring the Effectiveness of International Peace- and State-Building
  • 3. An Emerging Field of Research
  • 4. Current State of the Art
  • 5. Exemplary Studies of International Peace-Building
  • 6. Challenges and Dilemmas in Measuring Effectiveness
  • 7. Conclusions and Future Research
  • References
  • How Effective is Development Aid? On Concepts and Methods of Measuring Aid Effectiveness
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Conceptualizing Aid Effectiveness
  • 3. Research Variables and Findings on Aid Effectiveness
  • 4. Measuring Aid Effectiveness: Research Methods
  • 5. Illustrative Study: The Mexican Progresa Poverty Programme
  • 6. Conclusion
  • References
  • Assessing Effectiveness in Counterterrorism Policy
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Conceptualizing Effectiveness
  • 3. Methods Used in Research on Counterterrorism Effectiveness
  • 4. Measuring Counterterrorism Effectiveness
  • 5. Causality in Counterterrorism Effectiveness
  • 6. Illustrative Study: The Effect of Israeli Counterterrorism Measures on Suicide Bombings
  • 7. Conclusion
  • References
  • Annex
  • Index

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